After Christmas, people start to count the last 5 days of December month and wait for another new year with new hope, new dreams. According to the calendar, the last day of the year is December 31st and a new one begins on January 1st. Then it will continue to the next 31st December and again a new year will come. This journey hasrun from decades to decades, century to century, and never end. A New year isnot only the start of another year. It has its history, celebrations parties, resolutions, warm greetings, and a lot more.
History of the new year:
Before knowing the history of the new year let’s have look atsome calendars. According to different calendars, the arrival day of a new year differs.In the ancient period, calendars were made based on the position ofthe Sun and the Moon and named as a solar calendar and lunar or lunisolar calendar respectively. As per solar calendars, dates indicate the season and position of the Sun. Lunar calendars indicate the position of the moon and also the time of the solar year. Julian calendar and Gregorian calendars are solar. Chinese calendar and Islamic Calendar arelunar types. According to historical evidence around the time of 3100 BC, the Bronze Age, inthe Mesopotamia calendar was invented.Most of the countries start to count a year from the 1st January as it is the 1st day of the year as per the Julian Calendar. Julian calendar was the period of pre-Christian Rome andproposed by Julius Caesar in AUC 708. It was a modified form of the Roman calendar.The first day of the calendaris January 1 dedicated to the God Janus. God Janus is known as the god of gateways and beginnings. The month of January is named after God Janus.In the year 1582, in October Pope Gregory XIII modifiedthe Julian Calendar which is known as a Gregorian calendar.Now,most of the countries follow the Gregorian calendar as a civil calendar and accept January 1 as the 1st day of the newly arrived year.
New year dates in some cultures:
May most of the countries follow the Gregorian calendar, but still some countries do follow their ancient calendar and a modified version of their own and Gregorian calendar. That is why the new year is celebrated in different cultureson different days.
- In Gwaun Valley in Wales, 13th January is celebrated as the new year.
- In Africa Nayrouz and Enkustatashare the new year days followed by the Egyptian and Ethiopian calendar. In Ethiopia, the new year is counted as the ending of the summer rainy season. The African New Year, the OdundeFestival is on the second Sunday of June. This tradition is still celebrated in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and UnitedStates. South Africa and Lesotho celebrate the new year on 1stAugust, the end of the Southern Hemispherewinter season.
- Some of the East Asian and South Asian countries including China and Singapore celebrate the year according to the lunar calendar. This day is generally celebrated between January 20 to February 20. Now, Chinese people also celebrate 1st January as the new year but it is still not a granted holiday in China.
- South Korea now follows the Gregorian calendar and is granted 1st January as the start of the New Year. North Korea also does the same.
- In Southeast Asian countries like Cambodia, Thailand celebratesthe new year on 13th April or 14th In Burma, new Year dates change between 13th to 17th April in several centuries.
- Vietnam follows the Chinese calendar.
- India is a culturally rich country so the new year days are different in several societies. In Hindu Culture Assam, West Bengal, Kerala, Punjab, Odisha, Telangana, Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, the new year is celebrated on 14th or 15th April when Sun enters to the Aries. In northern and central India new year is celebrated on 23-24 March, known as Chaitra Shukla Pratipada or GudiPadwa as they follow the Vikram Samvat calendar.
- In Nepalese culture new year is 20th October as their calendar is lunar one named Nepal Samvat.
- In Bangladesh and West Bengal celebrate the Bengali new year or Bangla Naboborshoalso called PahelaBaishakh on 14th or 15th April based on the leap year. 14th April in Bangladesh and 14th to 15th April in West Bengal, Assam, and Tripura.
- Sri Lankan new year is also happeningfrom13th to 14th
- In the middle east Islamic New Year is the first month of the lunar Hijri calendar.This is celebrated by Sunni Islamic culture.
- In Kurdistan and Afghanistan near year is celebrated on 21st Many people of different parts of central Asia, South Asia follow this day as the new year as per Solar Hijri Calendar or Iranian Calendar.
New year Eve and new year resolutions:
To welcome a fresh new year people, start the celebration on the night of 31st December as New Year Eve. From the 1900s this become one of the mostoccasions that have to be celebrated. People through house parties or community parties for friends and family. Exchange warm greetingswith each other. Then the countdown starts at the midnight before 12 0’ clock and wishes by shouting “Happy New Year” together. The celebration begins at midnight so some countries arrange firework shows. Australia from Sydney bridge, France from the Eifel Tower and other countriesthrough fireworks which are just remarkable. People visitthe church towatch night services. Every sight of the world becomeslightened and brighten because of those fireworks. Television and social media cover those shows for a global audience.
As the celebration of New Year’s Eve, another significant tradition is new year’s resolutions. People make promises to themselves and they have to keep them throughout the year. Promises are mainly like not to repeat previous mistakes, follow a healthy diet, or any kind of achievements. Following the new year,the resolution starts from the 1st day. It helps people be determined, focused on their goals. A positive strength comes by keeping the resolutions thatgive a fresh startto a new part of life.
Greeting Cards are another cute thing about the new year. It is popular, especially among children. They write sweetgreetings as messages or poems, draw a picture on the card, and give it or send it to their friends, parents, and love ones. Now in readymade greeting cards with nice messages are available in the market. Just pick it up which one you like, write your name and wish and give it to your loved ones.
New year celebration in different countries around the world:
Our world is just wonderful. So many rich cultures, so many diverse forms of one celebration. As the new year, though many countries now grand 1st January as new year holiday, some still follow their cultural new year in their traditional way. Several countries arrange day programs to celebrate the 1st day of a brand-new year.
- So many countries of 1st and third world, 1st January is considered as a national holiday or public holiday.
- London, Philadelphia, Bahamas held parades on the morning of January 1st. Those parades are known as manor parades in the world.
- In United Sates arrange thefirst-day hike in fifty state park system.
- In Ireland new year’s day is called the day of buttered bread.
- United States kingdom and the United States several sports programs are held on that day. Football, hockey leagues started. Different outdoor games are also entertained by people. Indian people love to celebrate the global new year by arranging outdoor picnics, house parties, community sports events.In Hindu culture, Baisakhi new year is celebrated by worshiping the god Ganesh and young ones touchthe feet of older ones to show love and respect and in return, they receive lots of blessings and love.
- In the Chinese New Yearpeople give money in a red envelope. That means the gift will be lucky for receivers.
- In Korea people gives food to other ancestors’spirit.
- In Sri Lanka people decorate houses with light, burn firecrackers, cookmilk rice called Kiribati, and exchange gifts.
- Dyersburg Regional Medical Centre givesa gift like diapers, blankets, and other baby things to the babies who are born on the 1stof January. They are called new year babies.
So, it may look like one single day but the new year starts with a lot of blessings, greetings, following cultural traditions. New year greeting cards are the childhood memory of the present generations. They cherish those days by seeing the cards. The whole world celebratesboth the midnight and morning of the new Year. People withwealth, prosperity, joyful life from the newly arrived year with their open arms and open heart. To the reader of this article wish happy and peaceful, healthy new year in advance. Keep smiling.